Autoimmune Disorders and Your Mouth

An autoimmune disorder is a disorder in which the immune system attacks the body’s healthy tissues. There’s a wide variety of different autoimmune disorders; each of the different kinds might affect a different element of your health. Rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and type 1 diabetes are all autoimmune disorder with vastly different consequences on your overall health. Given how widespread and different the effects of autoimmune disorders can be, it’s no surprise that they can affect your oral health. For some of these illnesses, a trip to the dentist can lead to early detection; symptoms present in the mouth may be easier to see than any other symptoms.

Sjogren’s syndrome is a disease that is particularly pernicious to oral health; that’s because it attacks tear and saliva producing glands, leading to dry eyes and dry mouth. Having this syndrome can lead to cavities quite quickly, as well as changes in taste, thick saliva, and the texture of the tongue. Good oral health and frequent visits to the dentist are required for maintaining oral health when affected by Sjogren’s; you may additionally be prescribed drugs to help you generate saliva or prescribed immunosuppressants. Sjogren’s is much more commonly seen in women than men; almost 90% of people with the illness are women.

Crohn’s disease generally affects the small intestine, but it can affect the entire digestive tract, including the anus and mouth. It is categorized as an inflammatory bowel disease. The primary oral symptoms of Crohn’s are gum inflammation and open sores throughout the mouth; if you’re having digestive problems and experiencing open mouth sores, it may be a sign you have Crohn’s. It’s always worth talking about unexplained oral ulcers with your dentist.

Similarly to Crohn’s, celiac disease causes inflammation in the small intestine with consequences that can reach the mouth. Those with celiac disease have an immune response to eating gluten; the reaction damages the small intestine’s lining and can lead to malnutrition when the intestine can’t properly absorb nutrients. Mouth ulcers are a symptom of celiac disease, as is acid reflux, which can cause your tooth enamel to weaken.

Very rarely, psoriasis, normally thought of as a skin disease, can affect the mouth. When this occurs, blisters and peeling skin on the gums are the signs. Oral psoriasis might be treated with steroids or other medicines, and your dentist may send you to an oral pathologist to rule out any other kinds of illnesses.

Autoimmune diseases are a tricky class to deal with; because your immune system is the source of the illness, medical professionals need to be careful about how they treat you; suppress the immune system too heavily, and other problems may occur. The best practice is to visit your dentist and your physician regularly, so you have a complete medical profile; you can visit the best Winnipeg dental clinic to get your oral health up to date.